Making your home dementia friendly

There are lots of low-cost changes you can make to your home if you or a loved-one is living with Dementia.  Below are some general tips for making your home dementia friendly that you will hopefully find useful:

  • Use daylight as much as possible, keeping curtains open throughout the day.
  • Lighting should match the cycle of natural day to night. This helps circadian rhythm and will help maintain a quality sleep pattern.
  • Using contrasting colours can be very helpful.  For example, using a plain white dinner plate over a bright placemat will create higher contrast and help your loved one see the plate and the food.
  • If possible, fit coloured light switches, when contrasted against a plain wall colour this makes it easier to identify the light switch and its purpose.
  • Stick or nail down the edges of rugs, or remove them altogether. Remove any cables or wires that are running across the floor.
  • Maintain a written  list of phone numbers beside the phone.  And it might be a good idea if necessary to add photos to the numbers so that they are recognisable.
  • Keep upholstery and floor patterns simple, with minimal pattern. Avoid clashing colors.  On floors, avoid wavy lines, stripes, or changes of color between rooms.
  • Use a small notice board for your loved one’s daily routine and to do list.
  • Have a dedicated area to store the keys, glasses, post and so on
  • Label the contents of drawers and cupboards using colourful images, or with cards or post-it notes.   You can do the same with doors, placing signs at eye level for the one with dementia.
  • Leave internal doors to the most commonly used rooms open.


  • In the bathroom,  a shiny floor may cause your loved one to think it is wet and then get anxious or move unsteadily. If possible, modify the floor surface to remove the shine
  • For ease of identifying, change the toilet seat to a bright colour. Also consider a raised seat, if needed for ease and safety.
  • Always have the same towels available and place them prominently in the same place.
  • Use non-slip mats, a shower or bath seat, and install grab bars.
  • In the kitchen, there are some specialised products that can help your loved one remain involved in the cooking process: clamps and holders can help keep jars steady, or a timer to alert the person that something is cooked.
  • Selectively change kitchen cupboard doors to glass, to allow the contents be visible from the outside
  • In the bedroom, orient the bed so that the person can see the toilet or the way to the toilet during the night, leaving the bathroom light or night-light on to show the way

For more tips and information, the UK Alzheimers Society has produced an information booklet that can be viewed here.

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